At the end of August 2022, an amendment to the VAT Act of Slovakia has been adopted by the Slovak Parliament. The changes include, among others, the cancellation of mandatory VAT registration for certain taxable persons, the customer’s obligation to correct the deducted tax in the event of non-payment for supply and addition of exemption from VAT for the European Commission and its similar bodies related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Abolition of mandatory VAT registration for selected groups
In order to reduce administrative burden, effective from 1 January 2023, the VAT Act of Slovakia defines selected groups of taxable persons who have the possibility to decide whether or not to register for VAT after the turnover exceeds EUR 49,790. These are primarily taxable persons who exclusively provide financial and insurance services or rent out real estate with exemption. These taxable persons also have the option to request cancellation of tax registration or withdraw their registration request. In defined cases, these taxable persons are not required to submit a separate tax return in case of not fulfilling the registration obligation.
Furthermore, the cases of assessment of late payment interest, which is related to the amount of tax on the importation of goods, have been harmonised with the cases of assessment of late payment interest related to customs debt.
New obligation for customers
In accordance with the rule of tax deduction on the customer´s side, a new provision is added to the VAT Act of Slovakia. It introduces the customer’s obligation to correct the deducted tax to the extent of the unpaid liability in the tax period, in which 100 days have passed since its due date.
The amendment to the VAT Act of Slovakia also includes the possibility of correcting the tax base on the side of the supplier in the event that the customer does not pay him the whole or in part for the supply of goods or services, and his receivable becomes unenforceable for the purposes of the VAT Act. The amendment further regulates and specifies the definition of unenforceable receivable. According to the new definition, this is such a receivable that has been due for 150 days.
New exemptions from VAT
In connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, the supply of goods or services to the European Commission, agencies and similar bodies that will be transported to another Member State for the purpose of providing them free of charge is exempt from tax. Also the acquisition of goods from another Member State for the same purpose by the European Commission, agency and similar body is exempt from tax.
From 2023, the method of determining the amount of the correction of deducted tax in the case of theft of small tangible property purchased for a purpose other than resale is established. In such a case, the legal fiction of assessing this property as if it were mandatorily depreciated property, is applied.
Furthermore, the amendment to the VAT Act of Slovakia introduces the obligation for the legal successor to continue adjusting the deducted tax even for movable investment property.
New deadlines and procedures
The amendment to the VAT Act of Slovakia also provides a united time period for the registration of a taxable person, together with the time period during which a taxable person who has not fulfilled the registration obligation or has submitted an application for registration late, is considered to be a taxpayer. This period is framed to 21 days.
The amendment also relieves the foreign taxpayer from the need to submit a nil tax return if he only carried out a supply of goods within the triangulation simplification under VAT ID assigned within the territory of the country.
At the same time, a special deadline has been introduced for paying the tax in the event that the person does not have a personal account number of the taxpayer at the time of acquiring a new means of transport from another Member State. The new deadline for paying the tax is 7 days from the date of delivery of the notification on the assignment of such an account.
The last significant innovation is the adjusted procedure of the Financial Administration in case of not submitting an application for tax registration, or its late filing. In the event that the result of a special tax return is an excessive deduction, the Financial Administration will not automatically check its eligibility through a tax audit, but may choose a different procedure, such as e.g. preliminary tax inspection.
If you want to know more about the latest amendment to the VAT Act of Slovakia or other tax issues in the country, we recommend you visit the website of Mandat Consulting, k.s. and contact the local WTS experts in Slovakia.